Human Anatomy and Physiology II


  2. A. Course Title: Human Anatomy and Physiology II
    B. Course Number: BI 224A - 10290
    C. Semester: Spring 2017
    D. Days/Time: Online
    E. Credit Hours: 4
    F. Instructor: Farrow, Jaime
    G. Office: none
    H. Email Address:
    I. Office Phone: none
    J. Office Hours: By appointment. I answer all emails within 24 hours, email me anytime.
    K. Time Zone: Mountain Time
    L. Prerequisite(s): Anatomy and Physiology I- BI214A, BI214AL
    M. Corequisite(s): Human A&P Health Lab- BI224AL
    N. Class Location: Virtual

    This course is a continuation of BI 214A. Nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, excretory, digestive systems and reproductive systems are studied. Enrollment restricted to nursing and preprofessional students or by consent of the instructor. This is a 4 credit hour course. Prerequisite: BI 214A or consent of the instructor.


    For science and non-science majors, BI 224A will transfer to most two and four year colleges for credit as a laboratory life science. Information concerning articulation agreements with regional colleges and universities can be obtained at the NMJC Counseling Office. It is important to check with institution to which you are planning to transfer to determine transferability. Planning for course credit transfer is ultimately the student’s responsibility. All students are encouraged to keep the course syllabus as it will help determine the transferability of this course credit to another institution.



    The materials listed below are required. I do not give permission to use textbooks and/or lab manuals published by different authors.

    Lecture Text: Tortora, Gerard. Principles of Anatomy and Physiology. 2013. 14th edition. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

    You may purchase the hardcover (ISBN : 978-1-118-34500-9), loose-leaf (ISBN : 978-1-118-34439-2) or E-text (ISBN : 978-1-118-80897-9).

    Lab Manual: Allen, Connie & Harper, Valerie. Laboratory Manual For Anatomy and Physiology. 2013. 5th edition. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

    You may purchase the E-Text (ISBN : 978-1-118-80656-2), Loose-leaf (ISBN : 978-1-118-34440-8)


    You can buy your books online at the NMJC Bookstore.


    Students attending New Mexico Junior College will be evaluated according to the following grading scale:

    						90 - 100%	=	A
    						80 -  89%	=	B
    						70 -  79%	=	C
    						60 -  69%	=	D
    					 	 0 -  59%	=	F

    Course Components
    (see Course Outline):

    The course grade will be based on percentages:

    Reading Assignments (per unit)
    Class Discussion (units 1-3 and 5-7)
    Written Assignments (per unit)
    Midterm Exam (units 1-4)
    Final Exam (units1-8 cumulative)

    Reading Assignments (per unit)
    Lab Assignments (per unit)
    Midterm Exam - (units 1-4)
    Final Exam - (units 5-8)


    Class Discussion-20%
    Midterm Exam-25%
    Final Exam - 25%

    Lab Assignments-50%
    Midterm Exam-25%
    Final Exam- 25%

    * Please note that Lecture is ¾ of your Final Grade and Lab is ¼ of your Final Grade.

    * Late Work: In order to submit work after the due date you must email me as an attachment a hospital discharge or admittance form, a doctor's note, or an obituary.

    Class Discussion: Your initial post answering the main topic question is due by mid-unit and your secondary posts are due by the end of the unit. You should make at least two (2) secondary posts. Please use the REPLY feature when answering the Main Topic question or replying to someone. (See Grading Rubric)

    Assignments/ Labs: All assignments and labs will be completed in the Quizzes area of the course.(See grading rubric.)

    Lecture & Lab Midterm/ Final Exam: This course contains a Lecture Midterm Exam, Lecture Final Exam, Lab Midterm Exam, and Lab Final Exam. All Exams will be completed online within the course shell. The Exams are timed and password protected. Respondus LockDown Browser is required to complete the Midterm Lecture Exam, Midterm Lab Exam, Final Lecture Exam, Final Lab Exam. From the Modules link, in the Course Information area ('needed plug-ins' section), there is information concerning the Respondus LockDown Browser including how to download and use the Browser. The Lecture Midterm and Final Exams consist of multiple choice questions. The Lab Midterm and Final Exams consist of multiple choice questions, labeling questions, and matching questions using figures, diagrams, micrographs, etc. Exams cannot be completed after the time and date that is presented in the Course Outline below.

    Discussion Grading Rubric:

    Maximum Points
    Submits a main post (minimum 100 words) related to the main discussion topic by the indicated due date.
    30 points
    Cites ALL references used; including textbook. Important note: Any reference containing "wiki" is not an acceptable reference and points will be deducted. Plagiarism must be avoided.
    10 points
    Expresses opinions and ideas in a clear and concise manner with obvious connection to topic and shows a high level of thought.
    10 points
    Demonstrates use of standard written English with respect to: organization, grammar, composition, punctuation, and construction.
    10 points
    Responds to one student with appropriate feedback and or comments promoting growth of discussion. Secondary post must be at least 50 words minimum. Due by end of unit, see Course Outline for specific due date.
    20 points
    Responds to one student or the instructor with appropriate feedback and or comments promoting growth of discussion. Secondary post must be at least 50 words minimum. Due by end of unit, see Course Outline for specific due date.
    20 points
    *Maximum Total
    100 points

    * To achieve the maximum point value, your main post must be posted early in the unit and you must continue posting to your fellow students with meaningful discussions throughout the unit.

    * Late posts will not be accepted.

    Assignment Grading Rubric
    Exceptional Average Needs Improvement
    Quality Each question is correctly answered and does not exceed 100 words each. (Full credit per question.) Each question is not correctly answered and is lacking some information. (1/2 credit per short answer question.) Incorrect answers or answers are lacking significant details. (0 credit per question.)
    Student uses own thoughts when answering questions. Each question is completely answered in the students’ own words or proper APA Referencing is used. References are cited. (Full credit per question.) Student uses mostly their own words, but has some minor issues with proper referencing. Student does not cite reference. (1/2 credit per question.) Student’s answers are not in their own words and were borrowed from any source. (Sources: Direct sentences from textbook, internet, encyclopedia, etc.) Does not use proper APA Referencing. (See Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty page concerning expectations and actions.)

    Late work is not accepted unless one of the requirements mentioned in the Syllabus is met.

    ** Initial points for each question are based on the total number of questions each assignment contains. For example: if there are 10 questions on the assignment each question would be worth 10 points. **

    Retrieving Grades from T-BirdWeb Portal
    Go to the New Mexico Junior College T-BirdWeb Portal login page. Please enter your User Identification Number (ID), which is your Banner ID, and your Personal Identification Number (PIN). When finished, click Login.

    Tips for Success in Online Courses:
    1. Log in to class regularly.
    2. Pay attention.
    3. Take notes.
    4. Keep up with readings and assignments.
    5. Ask questions when you do not understand something.
    6. Utilize your professor’s office hours and e-mail.
    7. Read the text.
    8. Adhere to the deadlines posted in the course outline.


    New Mexico Junior College’s institutional student learning outcomes represent the knowledge and abilities developed by students attending New Mexico Junior College. Upon completion students should achieve the following learning outcomes along with specific curriculum outcomes for respective areas of study:


    New Mexico Junior College's broad range of science courses provides students with an opportunity to achieve their academic goals by fostering higher order thinking skills, basic academic success skills, discipline-specific knowledge and skills, and scientific and academic values.

    The course content of Anatomy & Physiology II supports NMJC’s mission which is “promoting success through learning” by encouraging students to accomplish the following:

    1. Describe the process of scientific inquiry.

    2. Solve problems scientifically.

    3. Communicate scientific information.

    4. Apply quantitative analysis to scientific problems.

    5. Apply scientific thinking to real world problems.


    Upon completion of the course, students should be able to:

    Chapter 14: Brain and Cranial Nerves
    1. Evaluate the effectiveness of the cells, structures, and mechanisms which protect the central nervous system.
    2. Compare and contrast the four parts of the brain based on their structures and functions.
    3. Distinguish the divisions of the brain based on their functions.
    4. Map the locations and functions of sensory, association, and motor areas of the cerebral cortex.
    5. Define electroencephalogram and use an electroencephalogram to identify/differentiate the four different types of brain waves which can be used to evaluate brain function.
    6. Name the cranial nerves in order, and describe each of their functions and components.

    Chapter 16: Sensory, Motor, and Integrative Systems
    1. Create models for the classification of sensory receptors, and list examples of each type of receptor.
    2. Describe the location and function of the receptors for tactile, thermal, pain, and proprioception.
    3. Compare and contrast the integrative cerebral functions of wakefulness and sleep, learning and memory.

    Chapter 17: Special Senses
    1. Describe the olfactory receptors and the neural pathway for olfaction.
    2. Describe the gustatory receptors and the neural pathway for gustation.
    3. Design an experiment which demonstrates the association between olfaction and gestation.
    4. Explain how the accessory and lacrimal structures of the eye aid in the function of the eye.
    5. Correlate the steps, structures, and chemicals involved in the formation of a retinal image.
    6. Differentiate the three principal regions of the ear in terms of structures and functions, and correlate their roles in the physiology of hearing.
    7. Compare and contrast static and dynamic equilibrium, naming the structures and describing the mechanisms involved with each.

    Chapter 18: Endocrine System
    1. Distinguish between exocrine and endocrine glands in terms of structure and function.
    2. Compare and contrast nervous and endocrine regulation of body systems.
    3. Explain the general mechanisms of hormonal action, and the signal processes that can control hormone secretion.
    4. Name the glands of the endocrine system, categorizing their hormones according to their functions and target organs.
    5. Analyze how the endocrine system hormones work together to maintain homeostasis.

    Chapter 19: Cardiovascular System - Blood
    1. Describe the components of blood.
    2. Compare and contrast the formed elements of the blood in terms of their function, structure, appearance, and life span.
    3. Construct a flow chart which describes the mechanism for regulating the hemopoiesis.
    4. Construct a flow chart which demonstrates the stages of hemostasis, including the various factors which promote and inhibit coagulation.
    5. Design an experiment using red blood cells and anti-sera which could be used to differentiate blood groups based on the protein composition of erythrocytes.

    Chapter 20: Cardiovascular System - Heart
    1. Describe the structure of the pericardium.
    2. Compare and contrast the tissues of the heart wall based on their structure and functions.
    3. Explain how the structures/tissues of the heart match the functions of the different components of the heart.
    4. Discuss the external and internal anatomy of the chambers of the heart.
    5. Describe the flow of blood through the chambers of the heart, explaining how valves and their structures insure correct flow.
    6. Predict the effect of valve defects and improper venous return on the efficiency of heart action.
    7. Discuss coronary circulation, naming the major coronary arteries and predicting the effect of blockage of these arteries at a cellular and functional level.
    8. Differentiate the structural, functional, and nervous characteristics of cardiac muscle, and their roles in the contraction of cardiac muscle.
    9. Explain structural and functional features of the electrical conduction system of the heart.
    10. Correlate the patterns of electrocardiograms with the electrical events they represent, and the structural events which result from them.
    11. Interpret electrocardiograms which demonstrate different defects in the electrical conduction system of the heart.
    12. Explain the cause, diagnosis, and prevention of different types of heart disease.

    Chapter 21: Cardiovascular System – Blood Vessels/Hemodynamics
    1. Compare and contrast the structures and functions of components of the arterial circulation and components of the venous circulation.
    2. Define blood pressure, and differentiate between systolic and diastolic pressures and their meanings.
    3. Predict the effect of cardiac disease, compromised circulation, and different behaviors/activities on blood pressure.
    4. Design an experiment to measure or evaluate cardiac fitness.
    5. Describe the regulation of blood pressure.
    6. Describe mechanisms and factors that regulate blood flow to and from the heart.
    7. Naming the major blood vessels of the arterial and venous circulation systems, describe the organization of circulation into regions and subsystems.
    8. Correlate the chemical composition of blood and interstitial fluid with the pressures which result in the movement of molecules into and out of the blood.
    9. Explain the cause, diagnosis, and treatment of circulatory defects.
    10. Develop a model of behaviors and nutrition which would result in improved circulatory health.

    Chapter 22: Lymphatic System
    1. Describe the general components of the lymphatic system and their functions.
    2. Describe how lymphatic vessels are arranged in the body, and describe the formation and flow of lymph.
    3. List and describe the function of lymphatic organs and tissues.
    4. Describe the mechanisms of non-specific and specific resistance to disease.
    5. Compare and contrast a cell-mediated immune response and humoral immune response, naming the lymphocytes involved in each.

    Chapter 23: Respiratory System
    1. Differentiate between pulmonary ventilation, pulmonary respiration, tissue respiration, and cellular respiration.
    2. Describe the anatomy and histology of the structures of the upper and lower respiratory systems.
    3. Describe the processes and structures involved in the production of sound.
    4. Compare and contrast the events that cause inspiration and expiration.
    5. List and define the various lung volumes and capacities.
    6. Predict the tissue changes and effects produced by environmental factors on lung volumes.
    7. Describe the mechanisms and factors which regulate the rate and depth of respiration.
    8. Correlate the roles of the central nervous system, the circulatory system, and the respiratory system in maintaining homeostasis.

    Chapter 26: Urinary System
    1. List the functions of the kidneys.
    2. Differentiate the external, internal, and microscopic anatomy of the kidneys.
    3. Develop a flow chart which demonstrates the processes and structures involved in the formation of urine.
    4. Correlate the tissue/cellular structures of the kidneys with their roles in formation of urine.
    5. Correlate the chemical composition of the blood with the gradients that result in the production of urine.
    6. Describe the anatomy, histology, and physiology of the ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra.
    7. Explain the steps involved in the micturition reflex.

    Chapter 27: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis
    1. Compare the locations of intracellular and extracellular fluid, and describe the various fluid components of the body.
    2. Compare the electrolyte composition of the three major fluid compartments.
    3. Discuss how buffers, exhalation of CO2, and kidney excretion of H+ maintain the pH of body fluids.
    4. Define acid-base balance, describe four major types of imbalances, their possible causes, and their effects on the body.
    5. Explain how the circulatory, respiratory, and excretory systems work together to maintain proper acid-base balance within the body’s tissues and fluids.

    Chapter 24: Digestive System
    1. Classify the organs and accessory structures of the digestive system in terms of their anatomy, histology, and function.
    2. Describe the six basic processes performed by the digestive system and how the organs in which those functions are performed have structure which matches the process.
    3.Develop a diagram/map which demonstrates the regulation of the processes of and mechanisms involved in the chemical, mechanical, and hormonal regulation of digestion of food.

    Chapter 28: Reproductive Systems
    1. Relate how the organs and accessory glands of the male reproductive system are suited to the production, storage and transport of gametes.
    2. Explain the hormonal regulation of spermatogenesis.
    3. Develop a flow chart to sequence the events which lead to the release of seminal fluid.
    4. Correlate the components of seminal fluid with their chemical roles in the transportation of sperm and fertilization of the egg.
    5. Relate how the organs and accessory organs of the female reproductive system are suited to the production and transport of ova, and the receipt of sperm.
    6. Explain the hormonal regulation of the female reproductive cycle.
    7. Compare the principle events of the ovarian and uterine cycles.
    8. Match the events of the female reproductive cycles with their roles in the preparation of the structures of the reproductive system for the development and gestation of a fertilized egg.


    Student Requirements
    If you have not already received login information for Canvas/T-BirdWeb Portal/E-mail, you will need to contact the Enrollment Management office at (575) 492-2546.

    Check first-time login page for instructions at

    Canvas Assistance

    You must have access, on a regular basis, to a computer that supports the Canvas minimum specifications and has an active connection to the Internet. See the minimum computer specification requirements at


    Email and grading response time

    I will respond to all emails within 24 hours of receiving the email, this includes weekends. Grading will take place throughout the week and will be completed by Friday of the following week after the due date.

    Time Zone: It is important to note that this course operates on Mountain Standard Time. Students are responsible for adjusting due dates to their time zone.


    Students will be held responsible for the information on these pages.

    Academic Honesty
    Each student is expected to maintain the highest standards of honesty and integrity in online academic and professional matters. The College reserves the right to take disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal, against any student who is found guilty of academic dishonesty or otherwise fails to meet these standards. Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, dishonesty in quizzes, tests, or assignments; claiming credit for work not done or done by others; and nondisclosure or misrepresentation in filling out applications or other College records. Cheating or gaining illegal information for any type of graded work is considered dishonest and will be dealt with accordingly.

    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Information
    Any student requiring special accommodations should contact the Special Needs Student Services Coordinator at (575) 492-2576 or by e-mail at

    Attendance Policy and Participation Expectations
    It is expected that you regularly log into class at least three times weekly and check your Canvas mail to ensure you have not missed any changes/updates. Students are expected to complete discussions/quizzes/tests/ assignments before deadlines expire.

    Canvas Help
    If you experience difficulty with Canvas you may reach the Canvas Helpdesk at, or by calling the 24 hour helpdesk phone at (575) 399-2199.

    The professor is responsible for monitoring and evaluating student conduct and student behavior within the Canvas course. By registering for this class, the student is assumed to have entered into an agreement with New Mexico Junior College and the professor to log into the class regularly and to behave in an appropriate manner at all times. Disruptive behavior may result in the student being removed from the class and dropped for the semester. For comprehensive information on the common rules of netiquette and other online issues, please review the NMJC Online Student Handbook.

    Online Learning Environment
    By participating in an online class, you undertake responsibility for your own progress and time management.

    Offering the work of another as one’s own, without proper acknowledgment, is plagiarism; therefore, any student who fails to give credit for quotations or essentially identical expression of material taken from books, encyclopedias, magazines and other reference works, or from the themes, reports, or other writings of a fellow student, is guilty of plagiarism. Plagiarism violates the academic honesty policy and is considered cheating.

    Tutoring Assistance
    Free tutoring services are available to all NMJC students through Brainfuse and the Academic Success Center located in Mansur Hall room 123 and 124.

    Withdrawal Policy
    The instructor has the right to drop any student who has failed to log on to Canvas for two weeks or more, but it is not guaranteed that the instructor will drop you. If the student chooses to stop attending a class, he/she should withdraw from the class by accessing your student account in the T-Bird Web Portal at, or submitting the required paperwork to the Registrar’s Office by 5:00 p.m. on Thursday, April 20, 2017. Failure to withdraw yourself from a course by this date may result in your receiving an “F” in the course. All students are encouraged to discuss their class status with the professor prior to withdrawing from the class.


    Anatomy & Physiology II Lecture & Lab

    Course Outline

    Print out the course outline and use the check off boxes to keep up with your progress.

    The course consists of 8 Units, with each Unit covering between 1-2 chapters from the textbook.

    Within each Unit there are Textbook Readings, Unit Assignments, Class Discussions, Lab Manual Readings, Lab Assignments, and Exams. The course contains a Lecture Midterm Exam and a Lecture Final Exam. Also, there is a Lab Midterm Exam and a Lab Final Exam.  Below you will find the Course Outline divided by Units. 

    *Please note you should be using the 14th Edition of the textbook and 5th edition of the lab manual.

    Units/Dates Unit Tasks
    Due Dates
    Check Off

    Unit 0

    March 13 - March 16

    Unit 0 Instructions - view the page

    Introduction Discussion API Cafe'- contribute to the page

    Student Profile - submit the assignment

    Contact Information - submit the assignment

    Academic Honesty - submit the assignment

    Plagiarism Information - view the page

    Knowing the Course Quiz - score at least a 10

    All items above must be completed before Unit 1 will open. Note, you may need to sign out of Canvas and then sign back in for Unit 1 to show once all items above have been completed as directed.


    Unit 1

    March 13 - March 19

    Textbook Readings:

    Ch 14 - Brain and Cranial Nerves (pg 473-522)

    [  ]

    Lab Manual Readings:

    Brain Structure and Function (pg 299-322)

    Cranial Nerves (pg 323-332)

    [  ]
    Unit 1 Initial Class Discussion
    [  ]
    Unit 1 Secondary Class Discussion (2 Posts)
    [  ]
    Unit 1 Assignment
    [  ]
    Unit 1 Lab
    [  ]
    Unit 1 Practice Quiz

    Unit 2

    March 20 - March 26

    Textbook Readings:

    Chapter 16 – Sensory, Motor, and Integrative Systems (pg. 546-571)

    Chapter 17 – Special Senses (pg. 572-614)


    [  ]

    Lab Manual Readings:

    General Senses (pg. 345-358)

    Special Senses (pg. 359-389)

    [  ]
    Unit 2 Initial Class Discussion
    [  ]
    Unit 2 Secondary Class Discussion (2 Posts)
    [  ]
    Unit 2 Assignment
    [  ]
    Unit 2 Lab
    [  ]
    Unit 2 Practice Quiz

    Unit 3

    March 27- April 2

    Textbook Readings:

    Chapter 19 - Blood (pg. 661-687)

    Chapter 20 – Heart (pg. 688-728)

    Chapter 21- Blood Vessels and Hemodynamics (pg. 729-798)

    [  ]

    Lab Manual Readings:

    Heart Structure and Function (pg. 431-450)

    Blood Vessel Structure and Function (pg. 463-478)

    [  ]
    Unit 3 Initial Class Discussion
    [  ]
    Unit 3 Secondary Class Discussion (2 Posts)
    [  ]
    Unit 3 Assignment
    [  ]
    Unit 3 Lab
    [  ]
    Unit 3 Practice Quiz

    *Unit 4*

    April 3 - April 9

    Textbook Readings:

    Chapter 18 – Endocrine System (pg. 615-660)

    Chapter 23 – Respiratory System (pg. 840-885)
    [  ]

    Lab Manual Readings:

    Endocrine System (pg 391-409)

    Respiratory System (pg. 527-544)

    [  ]
    Unit 4 Assignment
    [  ]
    Unit 4 Lab
    [  ]
    Unit 4 Practice Quiz
    Lecture Midterm Exam (Exams will cover all materials from Units 1-4.)
    [  ]

    Lab Midterm Exam

    [  ]

    Unit 5

    April 10 - April 16

    Textbook Readings:

    Chapter 24- Digestive System (pg. 886-939)

    Chapter 25- Metabolism and Nutrition (pg. 940-978)

    [  ]

    Lab Manual Readings:

    Digestive System (pg. 561-588)

    Mechanical and Chemical Digestion (pg. 589-595)

    [  ]
    Unit 5 Initial Class Discussion
    [  ]
    Unit 5 Secondary Class Discussion (2 Posts)
    [  ]
    Unit 5 Assignment
    [  ]
    Unit 5 Lab
    [  ]
    Unit 5 Practice Quiz

    Unit 6

    April 17 - April 23

    Textbook Readings:

    Chapter 26- Urinary System (pg. 979-1022)

    Chapter 27- Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Homeostasis (pg. 1023-1040)

    [  ]

    Lab Manual Readings:

    Urinary System (pg. 597-614)

    [  ]
    Unit 6 Initial Class Discussion
    [  ]
    Unit 6 Secondary Class Discussion (2 Posts)
    [  ]
    Unit 6 Assignment
    [  ]
    Unit 6 Lab
    [  ]
    Unit 6 Practice Quiz

    Unit 7

    April 24 - April 30

    Textbook Readings:

    Chapter 22- Lymphatic System and Immunity (pg. 799-839)

    [  ]

    Lab Manual Readings:

    Lymphatic System (pg. 507-526)

    [  ]
    Unit 7 Initial Class Discussion
    [  ]
    Unit 7 Secondary Class Discussion (2 Posts)
    [  ]
    Unit 7 Assignment
    [  ]
    Unit 7 Lab
    [  ]
    Unit 7 Practice Quiz

    *Unit 8*

    May 1 - May 7

    Final Exams

    May 8 - May 10

    Textbook Readings:

    Chapter 28- Reproductive Systems (pg. 1041-1088)

    Chapter 29- Development and Inheritance (pg. 1089-1127)

    [  ]

    Lab Manual Readings:

    Female Reproductive System (pg. 643-660)

    Male Reproductive System (pg. 627-641)

    [  ]
    Unit 8 Assignment
    [  ]
    Unit 8 Lab
    [  ]
    Lecture Final Exam (Exams will cover all materials from Units 1-8.)
    [  ]
    Lab Final Exam
    [  ]